Mass photometry: a new technology platform for characterising protein complexes
Mass photometry can quickly reveal the compositions of mixtures of protein complexes – this technology has applications in biochemistry, structural biology, and pharmacology – these applications will be cooperatively explored in this partnership between Refeyn Ltd. and the Laboratory of Macromolecules and Interactomes at The European Research Institute for the Biology of Ageing, University Medical Center Groningen.
Presently, only ~1-2% of proteins are targeted by existing drugs. New druggable modalities are necessary and protein-protein interactions are new frontier in biomedicine because of this. To obtain the most relevant information concerning the molecular-level differences between health and disease, measurements should be made in the most native state possible – mass photometry offers improvements to address this possibility. When molecular-level differences between health and disease are observed, these provide actionable targets for developing new diagnostics and therapeutics. Combining mass photometry with other molecular techniques and proteomic technologies, like mass spectrometry, this research partnership will apply a suite of cutting-edge analyses to expedite how molecular-level differences between health and disease can be explored, defined, and ultimately targeted – expanding the druggable universe by extending it to protein-protein interactions.
Immunoprecipitation offers a method to extract protein complexes from cells and tissues – including, e.g., patient tumors and other clinical samples. Starting with this technique, mass photometry and can used to (1) assess the complexity of the samples obtained and (2) contribute to defining the differences in the macromolecules present healthy and diseased tissue samples. However, this approach comes with many challenges that this research and development project will explore and address.
Ultimately, it is expected that this research results in a robust, portable, modular pipeline for exploring macromolecules and their differences in health and disease – empowering other biomedical researchers to conduct transformative explorations into how these differences can be exploited in the clinic.